Thoracic Committee


Educational Resources:
Prior Thoracic Imaging SPR Exhibits
chILD Foundation
WFPI TB Corner

Professional Resources:
         •ACR Practice Parameters
         •ACR Appropriateness Criteria
         •ABR MOC PQI Requirement
         •ACR PQI Projects
         •MRI Acronyms
         •Vendor Naming Conventions

Reference Library

Congenital Lung Anomalies

•Epelman M, Kreiger PA, Servaes S, Victoria T, Hellinger JC. Current imaging of prenatally diagnosed congenital lung lesions. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 2010 Apr;31(2): 141-57 doi:10.1053/j.suit.2010.01.002.
•Lee EY1, Boiselle PM, Cleveland RH.Multidetector CT evaluation of congenital lung anomalies. Radiology. 2008 Jun;247(3):632-48. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2473062124.
•Thacker PG1, Schooler GR, Caplan MJ, Lee EY. Developmental lung malformations in children: recent advances in imaging techniques, classification system, and imaging findings. See comment in PubMed Commons belowJ Thorac Imaging. 2015 Jan;30(1):29-43; quiz 44-5. doi: 10.1097/RTI.0000000000000125.
• Newman, B.  Congenital bronchopulmonary foregut malformations: concepts and controversies.  Pediatr Radiol 36:773-791, 2006
•Barth RA Imaging of fetal chest masses. Pediatr Radiol (2012) 42 (Suppl 1):S62–S73

Diffuse Lung Disease

•Guillerman RP1.Imaging of Childhood Interstitial Lung Disease. Pediatr Allergy Immunol Pulmonol. 2010 Mar;23(1):43-68.
•Guillerman RP1, Brody AS Contemporary perspectives on pediatric diffuse lung disease. Radiol Clin North Am. 2011 Sep;49(5):847-68. doi: 10.1016/j.rcl.2011.06.004.
•Kurland G, Deterding RR, Hagood JS, Young LR, Brody AS, Castile RG, Dell S, Fan LL, Hamvas A, Hilman BC, Langston C, Nogee LM, Redding GJ.An official American Thoracic Society clinical practice guideline: classification, evaluation, and management of childhood interstitial lung disease in infancy. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2013 Aug 1;188(3):376-94. doi: 10.1164/rccm.201305-0923ST.
•Lee EY.  Interstitial lung disease in infants: new classification system, imaging technique, clinical presentation and imaging findings. Pediatr Radiol. 2013 Jan;43(1):3-13; quiz p.128-9. doi: 10.1007/s00247-012-2524-x. Epub 2012 Nov 15.PMID: 23229343

Dose Awareness/Reduction Techniques

•Lee CH, Goo JM, Ye HJ, Ye SJ, Park CM, Chun EJ et al. Radiation dose modulation techniques in the multidetector ct era: From basics to practice. Radiographics : a review publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc 2008;28:1451-1459
•Frush DP. Overview of CT technologies for children Pediatr radiol 2014; 44: S422-S426 
•Callahan M.  CT Dose Reduction in Practice.  Pediatr Radiol (2011) 41 (Suppl 2):S488–S492 

Incidental Pulmonary Nodules in Children

•Westra SJ1, Brody AS, Mahani MG, Guillerman RP, Hegde SV, Iyer RS, Lee EY, Newman B, Podberesky DJ, Thacker PGThe incidental pulmonary nodule in a child : Part 1: recommendations from the SPR Thoracic Imaging Committee regarding characterization, significance and follow-up. See comment in PubMed Commons belowPediatr Radiol. 2015 Apr;45(5):628-33. doi: 10.1007/s00247-014-3267-7. Epub 2015 Feb 6.
•Westra SJ1, Thacker PG, Podberesky DJ, Lee EY, Iyer RS, Hegde SV, Guillerman RP, Mahani MG.The incidental pulmonary nodule in a child : Part 2: Commentary and suggestions for clinical management, risk communication and prevention. See comment in PubMed Commons belowPediatr Radiol. 2015 Apr;45(5):634-9. doi: 10.1007/s00247-014-3269-5. Epub 2015 Feb 6.

Large Airway Disease

•Laya BF1, Lee EY. Congenital causes of upper airway obstruction in pediatric patients: updated imaging techniques and review of imaging findings. Semin Roentgenol. 2012 Apr;47(2):147-58. doi: 10.1053/
•S. Yedururi, R.P. Guillerman, T. Chung, et al Multimodality imaging of tracheobronchial disorders in children. Radiographics. 2008 May-Jun;28(3):e29. doi: 10.1148/rg.e29. Epub 2008 Feb 25.
•Lee EY1, Restrepo R, Dillman JR, Ridge CA, Hammer MR, Boiselle PM.Imaging evaluation of pediatric trachea and bronchi: systematic review and updates. Semin Roentgenol. 2012 Apr;47(2):182-96. doi: 10.1053/
•Hegde SV, Greenberg B.  Newborn respiratory distress: airway abnormalities.  Seminars US, CT and MR  2015 36: 138-145 


•Thacker PG, Mahani MG, Heider A, Lee EY. Imaging Evaluation of Mediastinal Masses in Children and Adults: Practical Diagnostic Approach Based on A New Classification System. J Thorac Imaging. 2015 Jul;30(4):247-67. doi: 10.1097/RTI.0000000000000161. PMID: 26086589
•Nasseri F1, Eftekhari F.Clinical and radiologic review of the normal and abnormal thymus: pearls and pitfalls. Radiographics. 2010 Mar;30(2):413-28. doi: 10.1148/rg.302095131.
•Ranganath SH, Lee EY, Restrepo R, Eisenberg RL. Mediastinal masses in children.   AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2012 Mar;198(3):W197-216. doi: 10.2214/AJR.11.7027. Review
•Hegde SV, Lensing SY, Greenberg SB (2015) Determining the normal aorta size in children. Radiology 274:859-865.

MR of Chest

•Baez JC1, Seethamraju RT2, Mulkern R3, Ciet P4, Lee EY5. Pediatric Chest MR Imaging: Sedation, Techniques, and Extracardiac Vessels. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 2015 May;23(2):321-335. doi: 10.1016/j.mric.2015.01.010.
•Baez JC1, Ciet P2, Mulkern R3, Seethamraju RT4, Lee EY5.Pediatric Chest MR Imaging: Lung and Airways. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 2015 May;23(2):337-349. doi: 10.1016/j.mric.2015.01.011
•Gorkem, Sureyya B., et al. "Evaluation of pediatric thoracic disorders: comparison of unenhanced fast-imaging-sequence 1.5-T MRI and contrast-enhanced MDCT." American Journal of Roentgenology 200.6 (2013): 1352-1357.
•Kaiser T, Kellenberger CJ, Albisetti M, et al (2008) Normal values for aortic diameters in children and adolescents--assessment in vivo by contrast-enhanced CMR-angiography. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 10:56.
•Manson, D. MR imaging of the chest in children. Acta Radiologica 2013; 54: 1075–1085 .

Patient Safety

Pulmonary Embolism

•Lee EY, Tse SK, Zurakowski D, Johnson VM, Lee NJ, Tracy DA et al. Children suspected of having pulmonary embolism: Multidetector ct pulmonary angiography--thromboembolic risk factors and implications for appropriate use. Radiology 2012;262:242-251
•Thacker PG, Lee EY (2015) Pulmonary embolism in children. AJR Am J Roentgenol 204:1278-1288.
•Lee EY, Kritsaneepaiboon S, Zurakowski D, Arellano CM, Strauss KJ, Boiselle PM. Beyond the pulmonary arteries: Alternative diagnoses in children with mdct pulmonary angiography negative for pulmonary embolism. AJR. American journal of roentgenology 2009;193:888-894
•Goo HW. Dual-energy lung perfusion and ventilation ct in children. Pediatric radiology 2013;43:298-307

Pulmonary Infection

•Eslamy HK1, Newman B.Pneumonia in normal and immunocompromised children: an overview and update. Radiol Clin North Am.2011 Sep;49(5):895-920. doi: 10.1016/j.rcl.2011.06.007.
•Westra SJ1, Choy G.What imaging should we perform for the diagnosis and management of pulmonary infections? Pediatr Radiol. 2009 Apr;39 Suppl 2:S178-83. doi: 10.1007/s00247-009-1159-z.
•Bramson RT, Griscom NT, Cleveland RH Interpretation of Chest Radiographs in Infants with Cough and Fever. Radiology 2005; 236:22–29


  • Mark C. Liszewski, Pedro Daltro and Edward Y. Lee. Back to Fundamentals: Radiographic Evaluation of Thoracic Lines and Tubes in Children. American Journal of Roentgenology, May, Vol. 212, No. 5: pp. 988-996.

Thoracic Neoplasm

•Dishop MK1, Kuruvilla S.Primary and metastatic lung tumors in the pediatric population: a review and 25-year experience at a large children's hospital. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2008 Jul;132(7):1079-103. doi: 10.1043/1543-2165(2008)1322.0.CO;2.
•Newman B. Thoracic neoplasms in children. Radiol Clin North Am. Jul; 49(4): 633-64, 2010
•Newman B.  Caplan J. Cystic Lung Lesions in Newborns and Young Children: Differential Considerations and Imaging. Seminars US, CT and MR  2014; 35: 6; 571-587

Thoracic Imaging Committee


Sarah Desoky, MD, Chair
Jason P. Weinman, MD, Vice Chair
Savvas Andronikou, MBBchm, FRCR, PhD
Alan S. Brody, MD
Eric J. Crotty, MD
Emily  Dunn, BA, MD
Robert J. Fleck, MD
Rajesh  Krishnamurthy, MD
Edward Y. Lee, MD, MPH
David E. Manson, MD
David A. Mong, MD
Jordan B. Rapp, MD, MS
Katya Rozovsky, MD
Pallavi Sagar, MD
David  Saul, MD
Kushaljit S. Sodhi, MD
Andrew B. Wallace, MD


«Under Construction»